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Robert Pratt

Robert Pratt

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
Richland, WA 99352


Rob Pratt is one of the early thought leaders behind the smart grid, focused on an information-rich future for the power grid. manages Pacific Northwest National Laboratory’s (PNNL’s) GridWise™ program activities for the U.S. Department of Energy. He leads a team studying communications architecture, advanced control technology, and simulation of the combined engineering and economic aspects of the future grid, including the effect of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles.

Research Interests

  • Mr. Pratt's research interests include smart grid technology and business cases, demand response, dynamic pricing, transactive control, home energy management, smart appliances, energy efficiency, fault detection and diangnostics, simulation, and renewables integration.

Education and Credentials

  • M.S. Mechanical Engineering, Colorado State University
  • B.S. Ocean Engineering, Florida Atlantic University

PNNL Patents

PNNL Publications


  • Hao H, CD Corbin, K Kalsi, and RG Pratt. 2017. "Transactive Control of Commercial Buildings for Demand Response." IEEE Transactions on Power Systems 32(1):774-783.  doi:10.1109/TPWRS.2016.2559485


  • Hammerstrom DJ, CD Corbin, N Fernandez, JS Homer, A Makhmalbaf, RG Pratt, A Somani, E Gilbert, S Chandler, and R Shandross. 2016. Valuation of Transactive SystemsPNNL-25323, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 




  • Widergren SE, K Subbarao, DP Chassin, JC Fuller, and RG Pratt. 2011. "Residential Real-time Price Response Simulation." In Proceedings of the 2011 IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting, July 24-28, 2011, Detroit, Michigan.  IEEE, Piscataway, NJ.  doi:10.1109/PES.2011.6038964



  • Hammerstrom DJ, JD Adgerson, C Sastry, RM Pratt, and RG Pratt. 2009. PinBus Interface DesignPNNL-19001, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 


  • Kintner-Meyer MCW, RG Pratt, and KP Schneider. 2008. "Comprehensive Well to Wheel Analysis for Plug-in-Hybrid Electric Vehicles in the U.S." In Proceedings of FISITA World Automotive Congress, September 14-19, 2008, Munich, Germany.  Springer Automotive Media/GWV Fachverl., Wiesbaden, Germany. 
  • Hammerstrom DJ, R Ambrosio, TA Carlon, JG DeSteese, GR Horst, R Kajfasz, LL Kiesling, P Michie, RG Pratt, M Yao, J Brous, DP Chassin, RT Guttromson, OM Jarvegren, S Katipamula, NT Le, TV Oliver, and SE Thompson. 2008. Pacific Northwest GridWise Testbed Demonstration Projects; Part I. Olympic Peninsula Project PNNL-17167, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Schneider KP, Y Chen, DP Chassin, RG Pratt, DW Engel, and SE Thompson. 2008. Modern Grid Initiative Distribution Taxonomy Final ReportPNNL-18035, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 


  • Hammerstrom DJ, J Brous, DP Chassin, GR Horst, R Kajfasz, P Michie, TV Oliver, TA Carlon, C Eustis, OM Jarvegren, W Marek, RL Munson, and RG Pratt. 2007. Pacific Northwest GridWise Testbed Demonstration Projects; Part II. Grid Friendly Appliance Project PNNL-17079, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Kintner-Meyer MCW, KP Schneider, and RG Pratt. 2007. "Impacts Assessment of Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles on Electric Utilities and Regional US Power Grids: Part 1: Technical Analysis." Online Journal of EUEC 1:paper # 04. 
  • Huang Z, RT Guttromson, J Nieplocha, and RG Pratt. 2007. "Transforming Power Grid Operations." Scientific Computing 24(5):22-27. 



  • Pratt RG, and EM Lightner. 2004. "GridWise: Transforming the Power Grid with Information Technology." In First International Conference on the Integration of Renewable Energy Sources and Distributed Energy Resources, December 1-3, 2004, Brussels, Belgium, ed. J Schmid, pp. 80-87.  Ostbayerisches Technologie-Transfer-Inst, Regensburg, Germany. 
  • Pratt RG. 2004. "Smart energy--a new wave of opportunity for the Northwest ." AeA Techline Magazine 2004(Spring):10-12. 
  • Pratt RG. 2004. "Transforming the U.S. Electricity System." In 2004 IEEE PES Power Systems Conference & Exposition, vol. 3, pp. 1651-1654.  I.E.E.E., New York, NY. 



  • Katipamula S, RG Pratt, and J Braun. 2001. "Building Systems Diagnostics and Predictive Maintenance." Chapter 7.2 in Handbook of Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning: Handbook Series for Mechanical Engineering, vol. 4, ed. Jan F. Kreider, pp. 7-25 through 7-85.  CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL. 
  • Brambley MR, PR Armstrong, MCW Kintner-Meyer, RG Pratt, and S Katipamula. 2001. "Intelligent Buildings." Chapter 5.2 in Handbook of Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning: Handbook Series for Mechanical Engineering, vol. 4, ed. Jan F. Kreider , pp. 5-46 through 5-59.  CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL. 


  • Brambley MR, and RG Pratt. 2000. "Using Automated Diagnostic Tools to Provide Energy Services." In 2000 ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings Proceedings, pp. 7.11 - 7.21.  American Council for an Energy Efficiency Economy, Wash DC, DC. 
  • Katipamula S, PR Armstrong, MR Brambley, RG Pratt, and DP Chassin. 2000. "Building Controls and Facilities Management in 21st Century." In Proceedings of 2000 ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings, vol. 7, pp. 7.27-7.38.  American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy, Washington, DC. 
  • Pratt RG, S Katipamula, MR Brambley, and SL Blanc. 2000. "Field Results from Application of the Outdoor-Air/Economizer Diagnostician for Commissioning and O&M." In 8th National Conference On Building Commissioning May3-5, 2000.  Portland Energy Conservation Inc., Portland, OR. 


  • Brambley MR, RG Pratt, DP Chassin, S Katipamula, and DD Hatley. 1998. "Diagnostics for Outdoor Air Ventilation and Economizers." ASHRAE Journal 40(10):49-55. 

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