Skip to Main Content U.S. Department of Energy
EI Banner

Harold Kirkham

Harold Kirkham

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
Richland, WA 99352

Biography

Harold Kirkham joined Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in 2009 to do research related to the smart grid. Before that, he was at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, where he managed a number of projects related to electric power systems and measurements. At PNNL he has studied HVDC power transmission, wind integration, and phasor measurement systems.

A Fellow of IEEE, Dr. Kirkham was for five years the chair of the PES Instrumentation and Measurements Committee. He was a member of the Power and Energy Society’s Technical Council for several years, and has participated in the development of several standards. He has received several IEEE awards. He has published many papers and reports, and a “how to” book on technical graphics.

Research Interests

  • Measurements for power systems
  • Power system operations and smart grid
  • Electric field measurements

Education and Credentials

  • Ph.D. Stability of combined AC/DC power system, Drexel University, 1973
  • MSc Power Systems, Aston University, England, 1968
  • BSc (Hons) Power Systems, Measurements, Aston University, England, 1966

Affiliations and Professional Service

  • Fellow of IEEE
  • Member of Power and Energy Society
  • Member of Instrumentation and Measurement Society
  • Member of Dielectric and Electric Insulation Society
  • Member of Sigma Xi, the Scientific Research Society

PNNL Publications

2018

  • Elizondo M.A., R. Fan, H. Kirkham, M. Ghosal, F. Wilches-Bernal, D. Schoenwald, and J. Lian. 2018. "Interarea Oscillation Damping Control Using High-Voltage DC Transmission: A Survey." IEEE Transactions on Power Systems 33, no. 6:6915-6923. PNNL-SA-130052. doi:10.1109/TPWRS.2018.2832227
  • Kirkham H. 2018. "Measurement and Instrumentation." In Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers, 17th Edition, edited by S Santoso and HW Beaty. 53-94. New York, New York:McGraw-Hill Education. PNNL-SA-131084.

2017

  • Elizondo M.A., N. Mohan, J.G. O'Brien, Q. Huang, D. Orser, W. Hess, and H. Brown, et al. 2017. "HVDC Macrogrid Modeling for Power-Flow and Transient Stability Studies in North American Continental-Level Interconnections." CSEE Journal of Power and Energy Systems 3, no. 4:390-398. PNNL-SA-123296. doi:10.17775/CSEEJPES.2017.00420
  • Gourisetti S.G., H. Kirkham, and D. Sivaraman. 2017. "A Review of Transformer Aging and Control Strategies." In North American Power Symposium (NAPS 2017), September 17-19, 2017, Morgantown, West Virginia. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-125949. doi:10.1109/NAPS.2017.8107234
  • Kirkham H., and M. Albu. 2017. "Measurement, Nyquist and Shannon: a view of PMU metrology." In Proceedings of the 10th International Symposium on Advanced Topics in Electrical Engineering (ATEE 2017), March 23-25, 2017, Bucharest, Romania, Paper No. 265. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-123840. doi:10.1109/ATEE.2017.7905142
  • Makarov Y.V., M.A. Elizondo, J.G. O'Brien, Q. Huang, H. Kirkham, Z. Huang, and M. Chinthavali, et al. 2017. Models and methods for assessing the value of HVDC and MVDC technologies in modern power grids. PNNL-26640. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Mix S.R., H. Kirkham, and A. Silverstein. 2017. Recommended Guidelines for NERC CIP Compliance for Synchrophasor Systems. PNNL-27062. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Riepnieks A., and H. Kirkham. 2017. "An Introduction to Goodness of Fit for PMU Parameter Estimation." IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery 32, no. 5:2238-2245. PNNL-SA-113867. doi:10.1109/TPWRD.2016.2616761

2016

  • Kirkham H. 2016. "The Measurand: The Problem of Frequency." In IEEE International Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference Proceedings (I2MTC 2016), May 23-26, 2016, Taipei, Taiwan. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-113733. doi:10.1109/I2MTC.2016.7520347
  • Kirkham H., A. Riepnieks, E. So, and J. McBride. 2016. "Error Correction: a Proposal for a Standard." In Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements (CPEM 2016), July 10-15, 2016, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-115247. doi:10.1109/CPEM.2016.7540557
  • Kirkham H., and A. Riepnieks. 2016. "Dealing with Non-Stationary Signals: Definitions, Considerations and Practical Implications." In IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting (PESGM 2016), July 17-21, 2016, Boston, Massachusetts. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-114274. doi:10.1109/PESGM.2016.7741270
  • Marinovici M.C., H. Kirkham, and S.E. Widergren. 2016. "Influential Aspects of the Smart City." In 49th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS 2016), January 5-8, 2016, Koloa, Hawaii, 4764-4772. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-112973. doi:10.1109/HICSS.2016.591

2015

  • Chassin D.P., Y. Zhang, P.V. Etingov, D.P. James, D.D. Hatley, H. Kirkham, and J. Kueck, et al. 2015. ARRA Interconnection Planning - Load Modeling Activities. PNNL-24425. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

2014

  • Balducci P.J., C.A. Antonopoulos, S.L. Clements, W.J. Gorrissen, H. Kirkham, K.A. Ruiz, and D.L. Smith, et al. 2014. Smart Grid Status and Metrics Report Appendices. PNNL-23461. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Balducci P.J., M.R. Weimar, and H. Kirkham. 2014. Smart Grid Status and Metrics Report. PNNL-23423. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Kirkham H., and J.E. Dagle. 2014. "Synchronous Phasor-like Measurements." In IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference (ISGT 2014), February 19-22, 2014, Washington DC, 1-5. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-100372. doi:10.1109/ISGT.2014.6816510
  • Marinovici M.C., H. Kirkham, and K.A. Glass. 2014. "The Hidden Job Requirements for a Software Engineer." In 47th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS), January 6-9, 2014, Waikoloa, HI, 4979 - 4984. Piscataway, New Jersey:Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. PNNL-SA-96454. doi:10.1109/HICSS.2014.611

2013

  • Kirkham H. 2013. "The Digital Revolution in Measurements." In IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies (ISGT 2013), February 24-27, 2013, Washington DC, 1-6. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-90969. doi:10.1109/ISGT.2013.6497875
  • Kirkham H., and M.C. Marinovici. 2013. "Technology Readiness and the Smart Grid." In IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies (ISGT 2013), February 24-27, 2013, Washington DC, 1-6. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-90917. doi:10.1109/ISGT.2013.6497804
  • Kirkham H., M.C. Marinovici, G. Fitzpatrick, K. Lindsey, J. McBride, and G.L. Clark. 2013. "Technology Readiness for the Smart Grid." In CIGRE Grid of the Future Symposium, October 20-22, 2013, Boston, MA. College Station, Texas:Texas A&M University. PNNL-SA-97568.
  • Marinovici M.C., and H. Kirkham. 2013. "The Many Faces of a Software Engineer in a Research Community." In 31st Annual Pacific Northwest Software Quality Conference (PNSQC 2013), October 14-16, 2013, Portland, Oregon, 231-238. Portland, Oregon:PNSQC. PNNL-SA-97287.
  • Marinovici M.C., H. Kirkham, K.A. Glass, and L.C. Carlsen. 2013. "Modeling Power System Operation with Intermittent Resources." In IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies, February 24-2, 2013, Washington DC, 1-6. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-91070. doi:10.1109/ISGT.2013.6497841

2012

  • Kirkham H. 2012. Applicability of the "Gallet equation" to the vegetation clearances of NERC Reliability Standard FAC-003-2. PNNL-21220. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Kirkham H. 2012. Follow-on to a report on the Applicability of the "Gallet equation" to the vegetation clearances of NERC Reliability Standard FAC-003-2. PNNL-21220-1. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

2011

  • Clements S.L., H. Kirkham, M.A. Elizondo, and S. Lu. 2011. "Protecting the Smart Grid: A Risk Based Approach." In Proceedings of the IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, July 24-29, 2011, Detroit, Michigan. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-77787. doi:10.1109/PES.2011.6039120
  • Kirkham H., Y.V. Makarov, J.E. Dagle, J.G. DeSteese, M.A. Elizondo, and R. Diao. 2011. Geomagnetic Storms and Long-Term Impacts on Power Systems. PNNL-21033. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Lu S., P.V. Etingov, R. Diao, J. Ma, N.A. Samaan, Y.V. Makarov, and X. Guo, et al. 2011. Large-Scale PV Integration Study. PNNL-20677. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Mahan R.E., J.D. Fluckiger, S.L. Clements, C.W. Tews, J.R. Burnette, C.A. Goranson, and H. Kirkham. 2011. Secure Data Transfer Guidance for Industrial Control and SCADA Systems. PNNL-20776. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

2010

  • Akyol B.A., H. Kirkham, S.L. Clements, and M.D. Hadley. 2010. A Survey of Wireless Communications for the Electric Power System. PNNL-19084. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Clements S.L., and H. Kirkham. 2010. "Cyber-Security Considerations for the Smart Grid." In IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, July 25-29, 2010, Minneapolis, MN. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-70591. doi:10.1109/PES.2010.5589829
  • Widergren S.E., and H. Kirkham. 2010. "Smart Grid - Transforming Power System Operations." In IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting, July 25-29, 2010, Minneapolis, MN. Piscataway, New Jersey:Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. PNNL-SA-70565. doi:10.1109/PES.2010.5589444

2009

  • Elbert S.T., and H. Kirkham. 2009. Renewables Integration Model Concept of Operations. PNNL-19040. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

About EI

Related Links

Additional Information

Contacts


509/372-6575